Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica

Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica

Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica is remarkable by the spots on the sepals and petals that resemble hieroglyphs. When it blooms, flowers bloom all at once for 2-3 months.

Phalaenopsis Hieroglyphica was first found by Boxall for Low, who introduced them in culture in 1887. It is very similar to Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana but has much larger flowers of 9 cm, a marked thickening of the basal lip and a unique color.

This is a very easy orchid that grows vigourously and flowers easily.

It belongs to the family Orchidaceae, sub-family Epidendroideae, tribe Vandeae, sub-tribe Aeridinae, genus Phalaenopsis.

Description:

Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica is an epiphyt.

The leaf base covers a short stem covered. The leaves measure up to 30 cm lenght and 9 cm wide.
They are elliptic, very thick, oblong to ligulate. Maximum 5 leaves per shoot.

The plant blooms with 3-4 flowers in late spring or summer. Older and larger specimens can flourish abundantly with more than 50 flowers. The flowering lasts 2-3 months.

Origin:

Philippines

Habitat:

Humid forest

Synonyms:

Hieroglyphica phalaenopsis f. flava, Phalaenopsis Lueddemanniana var. hieroglyphica, Polychilos hieroglyphica



Etymology:

Phalaenopsis: New Latin word derived from the Greek words phalaina (moth) and opsis (look like).
Hieroglyphica: derived from the Greek hieros (holy) and gluphein (engraved).

Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica

Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica

Care:

Temperature:

Day temperature: 21-30 °C
Night temperature and minimum temperature in winter: 15 °C

Light:

A window on the east, no direct sunlight at noon.

Water:

Water regularly when the substrate is somewhat dry but not bone dry.
Prefer rainwater or non-alkaline water at room temperature. Do not use water from a water softener, because it contains too much salt.

Air Humidity:

50% or more.

Substrate:

This orchid can be used in pots, hanging baskets or mounted on bark, grown in sphagnum moss or pine bark medium size.

Fertilizer:

Grown in a pot, give a little liquid orchid fertilizer with every watering. Mounted on sphagnum give every 3-4 waterings because the sphagnum hold nutrients better.
Provide monthly shower so that the salts are washed from the substrate.

Repotting:

Repot in the spring when new roots are formed. This allows the roots to develop well and settle for the winter.

Propagation:

Keiki’s:

Keiki’s are small plants that may sprout from one of the nodes of the flower stalk. When the keiki is sufficiently developed and has enough roots, it can be separated from the mother plant and potted separately. This is not a commercial breeding technique but is very easy for plant lovers.

Image sources

  • Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica: Felix
  • Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica: Felix

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