Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana

Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana

Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana looks a lot like Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica in respect to the drawings on the sepals and petals, but the flowers are smaller and have no obvious thickening of the basal lip.

This is a very easy orchid to grow that flowers easily.

It belongs to the family Orchidaceae, sub-family Epidendroideae, tribe Vandeae, sub-tribe Aeridinae, genus Phalaenopsis.

Description:

Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana is an epiphyt. The size varies. It has a short stem that is completely blocked from view by the leaf sheathing. It forms numerous, flexible roots.

The leaves are fleshy and numerous, elongated oval, up to 30 cm long and 9 cm wide.

The flower stalk is longer than the leaves, it may be branched or not. Keikis are forming on the flowering stem, do not cut it off after blooming.

The flowers are fleshy and waxy, variable in size, up to 6 cm. The flowers are fragrant, white or cream with dark red to purple spots. On the lip, the bump is covered with stiff hairs (which are not present in Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica). Furthermore, the flowers are quite variable in size, shape and color.

Flowering occurs in late spring or summer and lasts 2-3 months.

Origin:

The Philippines

Habitat:

Humid forest

Synonyms:

Phalaenopsis luddemannii, Polychilos lueddemanniana, Phalaenopsis ochracea

Etymology:

Phalaenopsis: New Latin word derived from the Greek words phalaina (moth) and opsis (look like).
Lueddemanniana: was given in honor of Lüddemann, een Frenchmen from the 19th century who managed to flower this species for the first time in culture.

Care:

Temperature:

Diurnal temperature: 21-30 °C
Nocturnal temperature and minimum temperature in winter: 15 °C

Light:

A window on the east, no direct sunlight at noon.

Water:

Water regularly when the substrate is somewhat dry but not bone dry.
Prefer rainwater or non-alkaline water at room temperature. Do not use water from a water softener, because it contains too much salt.

Hygrometry:

50% or more.

Substrate:

This orchid can be grown in pots, hanging baskets or mounted on bark, grown in sphagnum moss or pine bark medium size.

Fertilizer:

Grown in a pot, give a little liquid orchid fertilizer with every watering. Mounted on sphagnum give every 3-4 waterings because the sphagnum hold nutrients better.
Provide monthly shower so that the salts are washed from the substrate.

Repotting:

Repot in the spring when new roots are formed. This allows the roots to develop well and settle for the winter.

Propagation:

Keiki’s:

Keiki’s are small plants that may sprout from one of the nodes of the flower stalk. When the keiki is sufficiently developed and has enough roots, it can be separated from the mother plant and potted separately. This is not a commercial breeding technique but is very easy for plant lovers.

Image sources

  • Phalaenopsis lueddemanniana: Felix

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