It includes about 17 species.
They are called ghost orchids.
The flowers are spurred. The leaves are rudimentary, photosynthesis occurs in the roots that contain chloroplasts.
Dendrophylax is endemic in the Caribbean: The three larger Antillean islands – Cuba, Hispaniola and Jamaica, and one species, Dendrophylax lindenii, comes from Florida.
The name comes from the Greek δένδρον (tree) and φύλαξ (guardian).