Brassavola cucullata

Brassavola is a genus of 20 orchids of the family Orchidaceae, sub-family Epidendroideae, tribe Epidendreae, sub-tribe Laeliinae, alliance Cattleya.

Brassavola nodosa was the first tropical orchid to be brought over in 1698 from the Caribbean island of Curacao to the Netherlands. Thus began the distribution of this orchid and the fascination for orchids in general.

This genus is abbreviated B.

The type species is Brassavola cucullata.

Description:

Most are epiphytes, some species are lithophytes.

A single, apical, and succulent leave grows from the top of an elongated pseudobulb.

The orchid produces a single white flower or a bunch or with or greenish white  flowers. The three sepals and two lateral petals are greenish, narrow and long. The base of the broad, sometimes fringed lip partially surrounds the column. This column has a pair of curved ears on the front and contains twelve (sometimes eight) pollinia.

Most orchids are very fragrant and Brassavola attract pollinators with their citrus scent. But they are only fragrant at night, the right to attract moths. The life of the flowers depends on the species and between five and thirty days.

Brassavola nodosa was the first tropical orchid to be brought from the Caribbean island of Curacao to the Netherlands in 1698. Thus began the distribution of this orchid and the fascination for orchids in general.

Habitat:

These species are native to the tropical lowlands of Central America and South America.

Etymology:

Brassavola was named in 1813 by Scottish botanist Robert Brown in honor of  the Venetian naturalist and physician, Antonio Musa Brassavola.

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