Cattleya labiata

Cattleya labiata was discovered in 1818 in Brazil and named after the English collector Sir William Cattley.

This Cattleya is very easy to grow, with beautiful pink flowers and a vigorous grower.

Cattleya labiata belongs to the family Orchidaceae, sub-family Epidendroideae, tribe Epidendreae, sub-tribe Laeliinae, alliance Cattleya, genus Cattleya.

Cattleya labiata is the type species of the genus Cattleya.

Description:

It is an epiphytic orchid of medium size with a medium sized rhizome and pseudobulb.

The leaves are long and leathery.

The inflorescences bear up to 5 large flowers from 15 cm, white or lavender with a dark pink stain on the lip. The flowers are very fragrant and attract insects for pollination.

Origin:

Brazil

Habitat:

Epiphytic on trees in mountain forests above 500 m altitude.

Etymology:

Cattleya: in honor of Sir William Cattley, an English collector.
Labiata:from the Latin  labius (lip), not due to the flower but to the fact that only one leave grows per pseudobulb (labiated).

Care:

Temperature:

Diurnal temperature: 24-30 °C
Nocturnal temperature: 15-18 °C

Light:

Needs plenty of light to grow properly. If the leaves are dark green, the plant does not get enough light.

Water:

Needs plenty of water during the growing season but the substrate should be moist but not soggy.

When the pseudo-bulbs are fully formed, reduce watering as this promotes vegetative growth at the expense of flowering.

During the resting period, after flowering, water sparingly (once a week).

Tap water can be descaled with vinegar (8%), add 1 ml per liter of water. You may also use distilled water.

Humidity:

Summer: 80 %
Winter: 60 %

Substrate:

Orchid substrate

Fertilizer:

Every week during the growing season, with a special liquid orchid fertilizer.

Outside the growing season and during flowering, every 2 weeks.

Repotting:

Every year in spring, when the pseudo-bulbs form new roots.

Propagation:

By taking pseudo-bulbs in the spring, when repotting.

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