Agave americana marginata

Agave americana marginata

Agave americana ‘marginata’ or Variegated Century Plant is a variety of Agave americana with broad leaves that gracefully bend and curl. The central band is dark green with wide yellow to white stripes along the leaf margins.

It is one of the most elegant and colorful varieties of Agave americana.

Otherwise, the characteristics and care similar to Agave americana.

Nomenclature:

Common names:

American aloe, Maguey, Variegated century plant

Etymology:

Agave: from the Greek agauos (admirable)
Americana: new Latin derived from the English America

Origin:

Mexico

Habitat:

Arid plains

Hardiness:

USDA zones 8-11, -10 °C but for a short period in very dry circumstances



Care:

Soil:

Poor and well drained sandy soil

Exposure:

Sun

Water:

Water regularly during growing season but don’t allow water to stagnate, water sparingly in winter

Fertilizer:

Fertilize every 2-3 weeks during the growing season with special cactus fertilizer with low nitrogen content

Propagation:

Seed, suckers

Sowing instructions:

  • sow in a light mix, preferably mixed with sand and gravel
  • sow at the surface: the seeds need light to germinate
  • moisten the soil
  • cover the pot with clear plastic and place it in full sun on a hot spot (20 °c)
  • the seedlings may be transplanted into a sandy substrate with very good drainage and placed outside in full sun when the weather permits
  • germination: 30-90 days

Notes:

  • sap in the leaves is very irritating
  • spines are very sharp, you should not place the plant in a place of passage

Image sources

  • Agave americana marginata: Own work

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