Brahea edulis

Brahea edulis

Brahea edulis or Guadelupe Palm is a magnificent palm from Guadalupe where the introduction of goats in 1830 almost caused extinction of the species.

Today, the goats have been removed from the island and normal propagation is expected to resume.

This palm tree is hardy to USDA 9, rarely USDA zone 8 in warmer and drier areas.

It is difficult to grow as a house plant.

In colder climates, it can be grown in pot outdoors in the summer and protected from frost in the winter.

Description:

Brahea edulis is a palm tree with a trunk up to 11 m high and a diameter of 36 cm. The trunk is deep brown to dark gray with closely spaced, almost indistinct rings and is generally free of leaf bases.

The leaf crown is 3.6 m wide and 3 m high. The leaves are hemispherical, 1.2-1.8 m wide, pointy and slightly overhanging leaflets, each slit to mid-depth of the blade. Their color is light to deep green on both sides. The petiole is 1.5 meters long and often free of spines. The inflorescences are panicles of 1.2 m long and do not exceed the leaf crown.

Fruits are round, 2.5 cm in diameter, black when ripe and edible.

Nomenclature:

Common name:

Guadalupe palm

Synonyms:

Brahea edulis var. montereyensis, Erythea edulis

Etymology:

Brahea: in honor of Tycho Brahe (1546–1601), Danish astronomer
Edulis: from the Latin edūlis (edible)

Origin:

Guadalupe

Habitat:

Scrub on rocky volcanic slopes and cliffs

Hardiness:

USDA zone 9-11



Care:

Soil:

Rich or poor soil, well drained

Light:

Full sun

Water:

Is very drought resistent and requires no additional watering. In pot it needs to be watered more and not left to dry out.

Voeding:

Doet het goed in arme bodems maar reageert goed op bijkomende voeding in de vorm van organische mest of kunstmest

Propagation:

Sowing

Sowing instructions:

  • soak in tepid water for 1 or 2 days
  • sow in light moist sowing soil
  • keep at 25-30°C
  • germination: a few weeks for fresh seeds, 2-4 months for older seeds

Image sources

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