Butia odorata

Butia odorata

Butia odorata or pindo palm is a fast growing and very hardy palm tree, as long as it is kept dry.

It is very similar to Butia capitata and only distinguished by its fruit and smaller seeds.

Description:

Butia odorata has a trunk up to 4 m high and 28 cm in diameter, up to 6 m high in cultivated plants.

The trunk is covered with old leaf bases or, in older plants, scars in the form of partial circles or ribs.

The blade is 1.2 to 2.1 m in length, has a short petiole with flat, rigid fibers. The leaflets are numerous and grow on the rachis in a 45° angle, giving the leaf a V-shape. The rachis is curved. The crown is spherical. The color of the leaves varies from yellowish green to silvery green up to gray or blue-gray.

The inflorescence is very branched, relatively short, with a large, smooth, spoon-shaped woody bract. Flowers are yellow to orange.

Fruits are 2.5 cm long, ovoid or globose, yellowish to reddish orange or purple and appear in drooping racemes. They are edible and sweet.

Nomenclature:

Common names:

Wine palm, jelly palm, pindo palm

Synonyms:

Butia capitata var. elegantissima, Butia capitata var. erythrospatha, Butia capitata var. lilaceiflora, Butia capitata var. nehrlingiana, Butia capitata var. odorata, Butia capitata var. pulposa, Butia capitata var. strictior, Butia capitata var. subglobosa, Butia capitata var. virescens, Butia nehrlingiana, Butia pulposa, Cocos elegantissima, Cocos erythrospatha, Cocos lilaceiflora, Cocos nehrlingiana, Cocos odorata, Cocos pulposa

Etymology:

Butia: from old Tupi butiá (name of the fruit)
Odorata: from the Latin odōrātus (fragrant)

Origin:

Southern Brazil and Uruguay

Habitat:

Along the coast, on pure white sand



Hardiness:

USDA zone 8-11

Care:

Soil:

Any well drained soil except limestone

Exposure:

Sun

Water:

Drought resistant. Water regularly when grown in pots, but no standing water at the bottom of the pot.

Propagation:

From seed.

Sowing instructions:

  • soak 1-2 days in tepid water
  • sow in light humid soil
  • 30-35 °C
  • germination: about 4 months

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