Livistona jenkinsiana

Livistona jenkinsiana

Livistona jenkinsiana or Major Jenkins Palm is one of the most beautiful Livistona.

It has a dense crown of large fan-shaped leaves.

It is a very slow growing palm tree that does not tolerate frost.


The gray stipe is smooth and quite thin. It is up to 25 m high and 30 cm in diameter.

The leaves are shiny, almost completely circular and indented. Young leaves are not indented which differentiates it from Livistona speciosa. Young leaves are not divided and in this it differs from Livistona speciosa. They grow on petioles of 1.3-2 m long and are 1.5-2 m wide. The petiole bears recurved thorns.

The inflorescence is up to 2 m long, has three branches with 3-6 partial inflorescences; the flowers are bisexual, solitary or in terminal clusters, yellowish, 2.5-4 mm.

The fruit is bright blue. It ripens in September and the flesh is oily and edible.


The stipe is used for building structures in water. Leaves are used for roofing and headgear. The endosperm can be eaten. Seeds are eaten as a substitute for betel nut. Fruit is used medicinally.


Common names:

Himalayan Fan Palm, Major Jenkins Palm, Major Jenkins´ Palm


Livistona jenkinsii, Livistona speciosa, Saribus jenkensii, Saribus speciosus


Livistona: named after Patrick Murray, Baron Livingstone
Jenkinsiana: in honor of Major-General F. Jenkins (1793-1866), British Commissioner of Assam


India, Burma, Thailand


In moist evergreen forest areas with high rainfall, mostly on sandy loam with laterite, at 100-2500 m altitude


USDA Zone 10-11, -1 °C



Well drained


Sun, light, semi-shadow


Water moderately but keep moist


Fertilize regularly during growing season


Overwinter indoors at minimum 10 °C



Sowing instructions:

  • soak the seeds for 1 day
  • plant in moist substrate
  • 25-35 °C
  • germination: a few days to a few months, depending on the freshness of the seed

Image sources

  • Livistona jenkinsiana: Own work

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