Livistona jenkinsiana

Livistona jenkinsiana

Livistona jenkinsiana or Major Jenkins Palm is one of the most beautiful Livistona.

It has a dense crown of large fan-shaped leaves.

It is a very slow growing palm tree that does not tolerate frost.

Description:

The gray stipe is smooth and quite thin. It is up to 25 m high and 30 cm in diameter.

The leaves are shiny, almost completely circular and indented. Young leaves are not indented which differentiates it from Livistona speciosa. Young leaves are not divided and in this it differs from Livistona speciosa. They grow on petioles of 1.3-2 m long and are 1.5-2 m wide. The petiole bears recurved thorns.

The inflorescence is up to 2 m long, has three branches with 3-6 partial inflorescences; the flowers are bisexual, solitary or in terminal clusters, yellowish, 2.5-4 mm.

The fruit is bright blue. It ripens in September and the flesh is oily and edible.

Usage:

The stipe is used for building structures in water. Leaves are used for roofing and headgear. The endosperm can be eaten. Seeds are eaten as a substitute for betel nut. Fruit is used medicinally.

Nomenclature:

Common names:

Himalayan Fan Palm, Major Jenkins Palm, Major Jenkins´ Palm

Synonyms:

Livistona jenkinsii, Livistona speciosa, Saribus jenkensii, Saribus speciosus

Etymology:

Livistona: named after Patrick Murray, Baron Livingstone
Jenkinsiana: in honor of Major-General F. Jenkins (1793-1866), British Commissioner of Assam

Origin:

India, Burma, Thailand

Habitat:

In moist evergreen forest areas with high rainfall, mostly on sandy loam with laterite, at 100-2500 m altitude



Hardiness:

USDA Zone 10-11, -1 °C

Care:

Soil:

Well drained

Exposure:

Sun, light, semi-shadow

Water:

Water moderately but keep moist

Fertilizer:

Fertilize regularly during growing season

Temperature

Overwinter indoors at minimum 10 °C

Propagation:

Seed

Sowing instructions:

  • soak the seeds for 1 day
  • plant in moist substrate
  • 25-35 °C
  • germination: a few days to a few months, depending on the freshness of the seed

Image sources

  • Livistona jenkinsiana: Own work

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