Livistona jenkinsiana or Major Jenkins Palm is one of the most beautiful Livistona.
It has a dense crown of large fan-shaped leaves.
It is a very slow growing palm tree that does not tolerate frost.
The gray stipe is smooth and quite thin. It is up to 25 m high and 30 cm in diameter.
The leaves are shiny, almost completely circular and indented. Young leaves are not indented which differentiates it from Livistona speciosa. Young leaves are not divided and in this it differs from Livistona speciosa. They grow on petioles of 1.3-2 m long and are 1.5-2 m wide. The petiole bears recurved thorns.
The inflorescence is up to 2 m long, has three branches with 3-6 partial inflorescences; the flowers are bisexual, solitary or in terminal clusters, yellowish, 2.5-4 mm.
The fruit is bright blue. It ripens in September and the flesh is oily and edible.
The stipe is used for building structures in water. Leaves are used for roofing and headgear. The endosperm can be eaten. Seeds are eaten as a substitute for betel nut. Fruit is used medicinally.
Himalayan Fan Palm, Major Jenkins Palm, Major Jenkins´ Palm
Livistona jenkinsii, Livistona speciosa, Saribus jenkensii, Saribus speciosus
Livistona: named after Patrick Murray, Baron Livingstone
Jenkinsiana: in honor of Major-General F. Jenkins (1793-1866), British Commissioner of Assam
India, Burma, Thailand
In moist evergreen forest areas with high rainfall, mostly on sandy loam with laterite, at 100-2500 m altitude
USDA Zone 10-11, -1 °C
Sun, light, semi-shadow
Water moderately but keep moist
Fertilize regularly during growing season
Overwinter indoors at minimum 10 °C
- soak the seeds for 1 day
- plant in moist substrate
- 25-35 °C
- germination: a few days to a few months, depending on the freshness of the seed
- Livistona jenkinsiana: Own work