Musa coccinea or Red Dwarf Banana is native of Indochina but now spread over tropical Asia and South America.
This is a very easy plant to grow indoors and the flowering is magnificent and long lasting.
Best grown in a container, it can spend the summer outdoors but has to overwinter frost free.
Musa coccinea produces numerous suckers.
The pseudostem is 1-2 m high.
Petiole is 30-50 cm long, winged. The leaf is yellow-green on top and light yellow-green underneath, oblong, up to 2 m long and 80 cm wide, asymmetric.
The upright inflorescence has bright red bracts. There are six floral bracts, in 1 row.
The fruits are orange when ripe, 10-12 cm long and 4 cm bred. They contain numerous seeds.
Ornamental, cut flowers
Red dwarf banana
Musa: from the Greek mousa (banana)
Coccinea: from the Latin coccineus (scarlet)
Ravines and slopes, also grown in gardens, 0-600 m
USDA zone 10-11
Sun, partial shade, shade
Needs plenty of water during growing season
Fertilize weekly during growing season
Grow in container and keep frost free during the winter
- soak the seeds for 1-2 days in tepid water
- sow in a light substrate
- maintain a constant temperature between 20 °C and 25 °C
- germination: a few weeks to a few months
- repot when the seedlings are big enough to handle
- Musa coccinea: MATHIAS, M H