Passiflora alata flower and fruit

Passiflora alata flower and fruit

Passiflora alata or winged-stem Passionflower is not very hardy but produces beautiful flowers and edible fruit.

It looks like a smaller version of Passiflora quadrangularis.

This Passiflora is easy to grow, in pot as houseplant or patioplant or in the garden.

Description:

Passiflora alata is a climbing plant with quadrilateral stem, the angles are winged and striate.

The leaves are unlobed, oval, 8-15 cm long and 7-10 cm wide, with entire to slightly serrate margins.

The flowers stand on a solitary peduncle of 2-4 cm long. The bracts are oval, entire. The flowers are red, violet and white, 7-10 cm in diameter and highly fragrant. The sepals are red on the inside, green on the outside, elongated oval, 3-5 cm long and 1-2 cm wide. The petals are red on the inside, whitish red on the outside, slightly smaller than the sepals. The corona consists of 4-6 series of filaments, striped violet and white. The ovary is oval to oblong oval, glabrous.

The fruits are oval or pear-shaped, 8-11 cm long and 5-8 cm wide, yellow and edible.

The seeds are heart-shaped, 0.7-0.9 cm long and 0.5-0.6 cm wide, winged.

Use:

  • Ornamental
  • Delicious fruits, edible fresh and in juice.

Nomenclature:

Common names:

Fragrant granadilla, Passionflower, winged-stem Passionflower, wingstem Passionflower

Synonyms:

Passiflora alata var. latifolia, Passiflora latifolia, Passiflora phoenicia

Etymology:

Passiflora: from the Latin passio (Passion) and flos (flower)
Alata: from the Latin ālātus (winged)

Origin:

Amazon region in Brazil, 0-1,500 m altitude

Habitat:

Grows on trees at the forest edge



Hardiness:

USDA zone 10-11

Care:

Soil:

Fertile and well drained.
Tolerates a variety of soils, except for desert soils.

Light:

Sun, light

Water:

Keep soil moist

Feed:

Fertilize heavily the first 2-3 years to promote leaf growth, after which the plant will start to flower

Temperature:

Ideal temperature: 15-28 °C in the summer and 13-18 °C in the winter

Propagation:

Seed, cuttings

Sowing instructions:

  • soak the seeds 1 to 2 days
  • sow in a moist sowing substrate
  • 20-24 °C
  • germination: 1 to 10 weeks

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