Passiflora cincinnata

Passiflora cincinnata

Passiflora Cincinnati or Crato Passion fruit grows as a shrub.

Its purple flowers are very striking, scented and 7-9 cm in diameter.

This Passiflora blooms profusely but only in tropical and subtropical areas, elsewhere only in a greenhouse.

Description:

Passiflora cincinnata is a vine with bare or barely hairy stalk; nearly round to triangular stem.

The leaves are deeply 5-lobed and sometimes 3-lobed, 4-11 cm long and 5-12 cm wide. The petiole is 2-8.5 cm long, solitary. The bracts are ovate, 2-4 cm long and 1.5-2.5 cm wide, entire, glandular at the base, free.

The flowers are blue-violet to purplish violet, 7-9 (12) cm in diameter. The sepals are violet inside, green outside, oblong, 3-5 cm long and 1-2 cm wide, slightly keeled outside, keel ends in short awns. The petals are violet, lanceolate, 2.5-3.5 cm long and 0.8-1.3 cm wide. The corona is composed of multiple series of filaments, the basal part deep purple, purple-striped violet and whitish blue in the middle, at the top violet, wavy in the upper half, the outer series is 2-4 cm long, the inner series 0.1-0.2 cm long. The ovary is spherical and glabrous.

The fruit is ovoid, 5-6 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, green with white speckles. The seeds are ovoid, 0.5-0.6 cm long and 0.4 cm wide, winged.

Usage:

Ornamental
Fruit edible raw and in juices

Nomenclature:

Common names:

Crato Passion fruit, Crato Passion vine, Curly fringed Passion flower, Maracuja

Synonyms:

Passiflora cincinnata var. imbricata, Passiflora cincinnata var. minor, Passiflora corumbaensis, Passiflora perlobata

Etymology:

Passiflora: from the Latin passio (Passion) and flos (flower)
Cincinnata: from the Latin cincinnātus (with curly hair)

Passiflora cincinnata fruit

Passiflora cincinnata fruit

Origin:

Brazil (city of Crato, hence the name), Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay and Venezuela



Habitat:

Forests and scrubby areas

Hardiness:

USDA zone 10-11, 12 °C

Care:

Soil:

Fertile, well-drained

Light:

Sun

Water:

Abundant watering in summer

Fertilizer:

Weekly in summer, monthly in winter

Propagation:

Seed, cutting

Sowing instructions:

  • use preferably fresh seeds
  • scarify the seeds with sandpaper or sand
  • soak the seeds in water at room temperature for 24h
  • plant in sowing substrate at 1 cm depth
  • 21 °C
  • keep the substrate moist
  • germination time: 2-4 weeks

Image sources

Recommended: