Passiflora sprucei

Passiflora sprucei

Passiflora sprucei or Passion flower is a Passiflora from Ecuador.

The flowers have a very strong sweet perfume that attracts butterflies and bees.

Flowering takes place from mid-spring to early fall and begins when the plant is about 1 m high. The more lateral shoots, the more flowers.

Can be grown in the conservatory or outdoors in the summer.

Description:

Passiflora sprucei is a vine with bare, round stem.

The leaves are on petioles of 1.5-4.5 cm long with 3-6 glands. Leaves are 3-lobed, sometimes 4-lobed, 2-8 cm long and 5-12 cm wide.

Peduncles are 3-9 cm long, solitary. Bracts are ovate to oblong, 1.5 cm long and 0.5-1 cm wide, white. Flowers are pale pink-purple to purplish violet, 6-7 cm in diameter. Sepals are rose-purple inside, greenish white outside, oblong to lanceolate, 3-3.5 cm long and 0.5-0.7 cm wide, bristly with a needle of 0.5 cm long. Petals are rose-purple to purple violet, linear-lanceolate, 2.7 to 3.3 long and 0.4-0.5 cm wide. The corona has 4 series of filaments, purple and white striped, the outer 2 series are 1-1.5 cm long, the inner series 0.1-0.3 cm long. The ovary is ovoid, glabrous.

Fruit is ovoid to nearly spherical, 3-4.5 cm long and 2-3 cm wide, greenish-yellow.

Seeds are oval, 0.5 cm long and 0.3 cm wide, flattened, reticulated.

Usage:

Ornamental

Nomenclature:

Common names:

Passion Flower, Passion Fruit

Etymology:

Passiflora: from the Latin passio (Passion) and flos (flower)
Sprucei: after Richard Spruce, a British doctor and naturalist (1817-1893)

Origin:

Ecuador

Habitat:

Dry forests from the coast to the Andes, between 30 and 2,300 m.



Hardiness:

USDA zone 10-11, 4 °C

Care:

Soil:

Rich and well-drained

Light:

Sun, light

Water:

This Passiflora comes from a dry region and does not need to be watered as often as other Passiflora

Feed:

Fertilize weekly during growing season, monthly in winter

Pot:

Prefer a small pot in which root growth is inhibited but flowering encouraged

Temperature:

This is a plant for the greenhouse or house plant where it can bloom all year round

Propagation:

Sowing instructions:

  • use preferably fresh seeds
  • scarify the seeds with sandpaper or sand
  • soak the seeds in water at room temperature for 24h
  • plant in potting soil, a 1 cm depth
  • provide soil heating and switch the heating off at night so that the temperature fluctuates
  • keep the substrate moist
  • do not discard the seeds if they have not germinated after a few months, it can take more than 6 months

Cutting instructions:

  • take cuttings in spring or summer
  • take cuttings at the top of the stems and make sure there is a node or a heel of older wood
  • dip the cutting in a hormone for cuttings (optional)
  • plant in a light potting soil and moisten
  • wrap everything in a plastic bag to keep moisture until the cutting is rooted

Image sources

  • Passiflora sprucei: Own work

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