Pleione praecox

Source: Steve Garvie

Pleione praecox

Pleione praecox is a rare epiphytic orchid.

It has the peculiarity of blooming in autumn.

It belongs to the family of Orchidaceae, subfamily Epidendroideae, tribe Arethuseae, sub-tribe Coelogyninae, genus Pleione.

This is the type species of the genus Pleione.


The pseudo-bulb is green, purplish-brown spotted, and generally has two leaves, sometimes only one.

The leaves are elliptic-oblanceolate to elliptic, 9-20 cm long and 1.7 to 6.7 cm wide, papery, base attenuate into something that looks like a petiole.

The inflorescence appears after the leaves fall or wither. Peduncle 5-10 cm with 3 papillate sheets. Bracts oblong-oblanceolate, 2.5-3 cm long and 1.5-2.0 cm wide, exceeding the ovary.

There is usually one flower, sometimes two. The flower is large, pink to purplish red, sometimes white, with a yellow callus and sometimes with purple spots on the lip.

Flowering occurs from September to October.


Coelogyne praecox, Cymbidium praecox, Dendrobium praecox


Himalayas to China (Southern Yunnan)


On the trunks of trees and mossy rocks in the forest and on cliffs, between 1,200-2,500 m altitude.


Pleione: from the Greek pleione (annual)
Praecox: from the Latin coquere (cook, boil, fry) with the Latin prefix prae-(before)



This is an orchid that prefers cool temperatures, between 6-25 °C in summer and 1-5 °C in winter.


A bright spot: summer outside in the garden or on a windowsill facing east.


Must remain moist during the growing season. In winter, let the root ball dry completely.

Do not use a water from a softener or tap water. Tap water can be decalcified with 1 ml of vinegar (8%) per liter of water. You can also use distilled water.


50 %


1/3 peat moss, 1/3 fine bark and 1/3 perlite


Provide specialized orchid fertilizer diluted to 1/4 of the recommended dilution, every 2-3 weeks.


Every two years, in the spring when the flower stalk appears before the leaves have appeared.



In spring, when repotting.