Pleione praecox

Pleione praecox

Pleione praecox is a rare epiphytic orchid.

It has the peculiarity of blooming in autumn.

It belongs to the family of Orchidaceae, subfamily Epidendroideae, tribe Arethuseae, sub-tribe Coelogyninae, genus Pleione.

This is the type species of the genus Pleione.

Description:

The pseudo-bulb is green, purplish-brown spotted, and generally has two leaves, sometimes only one.

The leaves are elliptic-oblanceolate to elliptic, 9-20 cm long and 1.7 to 6.7 cm wide, papery, base attenuate into something that looks like a petiole.

The inflorescence appears after the leaves fall or wither. Peduncle 5-10 cm with 3 papillate sheets. Bracts oblong-oblanceolate, 2.5-3 cm long and 1.5-2.0 cm wide, exceeding the ovary.

There is usually one flower, sometimes two. The flower is large, pink to purplish red, sometimes white, with a yellow callus and sometimes with purple spots on the lip.

Flowering occurs from September to October.

Synonyms:

Coelogyne praecox, Cymbidium praecox, Dendrobium praecox

Origin:

Himalayas to China (Southern Yunnan)

Habitat:

On the trunks of trees and mossy rocks in the forest and on cliffs, between 1,200-2,500 m altitude.



Etymology:

Pleione: from the Greek pleione (annual)
Praecox: from the Latin coquere (cook, boil, fry) with the Latin prefix prae-(before)

Care:

Temperature:

This is an orchid that prefers cool temperatures, between 6-25 °C in summer and 1-5 °C in winter.

Light:

A bright spot: summer outside in the garden or on a windowsill facing east.

Water:

Must remain moist during the growing season. In winter, let the root ball dry completely.

Do not use a water from a softener or tap water. Tap water can be decalcified with 1 ml of vinegar (8%) per liter of water. You can also use distilled water.

Humidity:

50 %

Substrate:

1/3 peat moss, 1/3 fine bark and 1/3 perlite

Fertilizer:

Provide specialized orchid fertilizer diluted to 1/4 of the recommended dilution, every 2-3 weeks.

Repot:

Every two years, in the spring when the flower stalk appears before the leaves have appeared.

Propagation:

Division:

In spring, when repotting.

Image sources

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