Adiantum capillus-veneris or Maidenhair Fern is an elegant little fern with bright green delicate foliage and fine black stems. It grows about 40 cm high.
It must always be kept moist, preferably with high aerial humidity. A place in the kitchen or bathroom is ideal.
Adiantum capillus-veneris is a fern that grows about 15-30 cm high. It has a creeping rhizome that is 20-70 cm long and forms a clump.
The light green leaves are very delicate, divided into pinnae 5-10 mm long and wide. The petiole is black and wiry.
black maidenhair fern,maidenhair fern, Southern maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern
Adiantum capillus-veneris, Adiantum capillus-veneris var. capillus-veneris, Adiantum capillus-veneris f. dissectum, Adiantum capillus-veneris var. fissum, Adiantum capillus-veneris f. fissum, Adiantum capillus-veneris var. laciniatum, Adiantum capillus-veneris var. modestum, Adiantum capillus-veneris var. protrusum, Adiantum capillus-veneris f. rimicola, Adiantum capillus-veneris var. rimicola, Adiantum capillus-veneris var. trifidum
Adiantum: from the Greek a- (no) and diantos (moist, wet)
Capillus-veneris: from the Latin capillos (hair) and Venus (goddess of love)
Southern United States
Small clay banks and shady overhangs
Any commercial potting soil
Light, no direct sunlight
High demand of water, the root ball should be kept moist but not soggy.
Fertilize monthly during the growing season with universal liquid fertilizer
By spores or division in the spring.
- sow in light moist soil at room temperature
- germination time: 6 weeks
- repot the seedlings when they are large enough to manipulate
- note: ferns first form a prothallus, this is a small round organ that looks like a tiny lettuce leaf and resembles a fungus. Do not throw this away, it is an intermediate stage before the real fronds appear.
- Adiantum capillus-veneris: Own work
- Adiantum capillus-veneris: Joshua Tree National Park