Passiflora coccinea

Passiflora coccinea

Passionflower coccinea or Red Granadilla has striking scarlet flowers. It flowers almost all year but most abundantly in summer.

It grows fast and can reach 3-4 meters high.

It is not hardy and must be grown in pots in frost areas and kept indoors during winter or even grown as a houseplant.

Is often confused with Passiflora miniata.

Description:

It is a tropical vine that clings with tendrils and reaches 3-4 m height.

The foliage is evergreen. The leaves are borne by a red to purple stalk of 8 cm long. They are green, doubly serrated or toothed, oblong, glabrous or slightly pubescent and are about 6-14 cm long and 3-7 cm wide.

The flowers are bright red to deep red. They are 7-10 cm in diameter and attract hummingbirds and butterflies.

The fruits are yellow to orange, edible and known as red granadilla. They measure 5-7.5 cm long.

Nomenclature:

Common names:

Passionflower, Monkey-Guzzle, Red Granadilla, Red Passion Flower, Red Passion Vine, Red Passionflower, Scarlet Passion Flower, Scarlet Passionflower

Synonyms:

Passiflora coccinea var. minor, Passiflora coccinea var. velutina, Passiflora fulgens, Passiflora toxicaria, Passiflora velutina, Tacsonia coccinea

Etymology:

Passiflora: from the Latin passio (Passion) and flos (flower)
Coccinea: from the Latin coccineus (scarlet)

Origin:

Guiana, Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil

Habitat:

Tropical Amazonian lowland



Hardiness:

USDA zone 10-12, 0 °C

Care:

Soil:

Nutritious and well drained

Exposure:

Sun, light

Water:

Keep substrate moist, daily watering during growing season

Feed:

Give plenty of fertilizer: every 1 or 2 weeks during growing season

Propagation:

Cuttings, seed

Cutting instructions:

  • proceed in spring or summer
  • take cuttings from the top of the stems and make sure there is a knot with older wood present
  • dip in cutting hormone (optional)
  • put in light potting soil and moisten
  • wrap the pot in a plastic bag to limit evaporation

Sowing instructions:

  • soak seeds 24 h in warm water
  • plant in moist potting soil at 0.5 cm depth
  • place the pot in a plastic bag to keep humidity
  • 20-24 °C

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