Aloe vera or True Aloe is an easy to grow succulent.
Known since ancient times for its medicinal properties, it is also a decorative and undemanding houseplant.
Aloe vera is short-stemmed shrubby aloe that produces suckers and grows in clumps.
The leaves are grayish green, sometimes with white spots. They grow in a rosette and are about 50 cm long. Margins are pinkish with many small spines.
The inflorescence is erect, up to 90 cm high and with yellow, drooping flowers of 2-3 cm long. Flowering occurs from March.
Aloe gel is the colorless jelly-like leaf parenchyma. It is used for food, food supplements, herbal remedies, cosmetics, skin conditions, lowering cholesterol, lowering blood sugar levels.
The leaf exudate is bitter and has very different properties from the parenchyma. It has been used as a laxative but there may be harmful side effects.
Aloe Vera, Barbados Aloe, Burn Plant, Curaçao Aloe, Medicinal Aloe, Savila, True Aloe, Unguentine Cactus, West Indian Aloe
Aloe barbadensis, Aloe barbadensis var. chinensis, Aloe chinensis, Aloe perfoliata var. vera, Aloe vera var. chinensis, Aloe vulgaris
Aloe: van het Grieks alóē (aloe)
Vera: van het Latijns vērus (echt)
Arabian Peninsula and East Africa
Grown all over the world, escaped from cultivation
USDA zone 9-11
Potting soil mixed with sand
Water moderately, about once a week during the growing season, less in winter.
3-4 times a year, 10-40-10
Room temperature, minimum 0 °C
By division: take off the suckers that form around the mother plant