Cattleya pumila

Cattleya pumila

Cattleya pumila is a miniature orchid native to Brazil.

It is easy to grow and produces beautiful fragrant flowers that last a long time.

Cattleya pumila belongs to the family Orchidaceae, sub-family Epidendroideae, tribe Epidendreae, sub-tribe Laeliinae, alliance Cattleya, genus Cattleya.

Description:

This is an epiphytic sympodial and 15 cm high miniature orchid. Pseudobulbs are erected, 3-8 cm long and occur at intervals of 1 cm along a fleshy rhizome.

Each pseudobulb produces 1 leave, 10-12.5 cm long, thick, oblong-elliptical.

The inflorescence appears on new growth. It bears 1-2 fragrant flowers about 8-10 cm wide. The color is usually pink purple to lavender but varies from white to blue and pink. The lip measures up to 5 cm long and is usually of a darker purple color.

Flowering usually occurs in summer but can also occur in winter.

Synonyms:

Laelia pumila, Bletia pumila, Sophronitis pumila, Hadrolaelia pumila, Cattleya marginata, Cattleya spectabilis, Cattleya pinellii, Cattleya pumila, Laelia pumila, Laelia spectabilis, Hadrolaelia spectabilis

Origin:

Brazil



Habitat:

On trees in wet forests along rivers and wetlands, at 600-1300 m altitude. They generally grow quite low on the tree trunks.

Etymology:

Cattleya: in honor of Sir William Cattley, an English collector
Pumila: Latin for dwarf

Care:

Temperature:

Temperate to warm: 20-27 °C day, 17 °C night.

Light:

Very light but no direct sunlight

Water:

Abundant watering during growth but so that the substrat dries out quickly. Gradually decrease waterings in the fall.

Hygrometry:

50-80 % with good ventilation

Substrate:

In pot or basket: a very coarse substrate for quick drainage and good ventilation. Can also be mounted on a tree fern or a cork slab.

Fertilizer:

Specialized orchid fertilizer diluted to 1/2 or 1/4 of the recommendation, once a week during the growing period.

Image sources

  • Cattleya pumila: Orchi

Recommended: