Cattleya pumila

Source: Orchi

Cattleya pumila

Cattleya pumila is a miniature orchid native to Brazil.

It is easy to grow and produces beautiful fragrant flowers that last a long time.

Cattleya pumila belongs to the family Orchidaceae, sub-family Epidendroideae, tribe Epidendreae, sub-tribe Laeliinae, alliance Cattleya, genus Cattleya.


This is an epiphytic sympodial and 15 cm high miniature orchid. Pseudobulbs are erected, 3-8 cm long and occur at intervals of 1 cm along a fleshy rhizome.

Each pseudobulb produces 1 leave, 10-12.5 cm long, thick, oblong-elliptical.

The inflorescence appears on new growth. It bears 1-2 fragrant flowers about 8-10 cm wide. The color is usually pink purple to lavender but varies from white to blue and pink. The lip measures up to 5 cm long and is usually of a darker purple color.

Flowering usually occurs in summer but can also occur in winter.


Laelia pumila, Bletia pumila, Sophronitis pumila, Hadrolaelia pumila, Cattleya marginata, Cattleya spectabilis, Cattleya pinellii, Cattleya pumila, Laelia pumila, Laelia spectabilis, Hadrolaelia spectabilis




On trees in wet forests along rivers and wetlands, at 600-1300 m altitude. They generally grow quite low on the tree trunks.


Cattleya: in honor of Sir William Cattley, an English collector
Pumila: Latin for dwarf



Temperate to warm: 20-27 °C day, 17 °C night.


Very light but no direct sunlight


Abundant watering during growth but so that the substrat dries out quickly. Gradually decrease waterings in the fall.


50-80 % with good ventilation


In pot or basket: a very coarse substrate for quick drainage and good ventilation. Can also be mounted on a tree fern or a cork slab.


Specialized orchid fertilizer diluted to 1/2 or 1/4 of the recommendation, once a week during the growing period.