Syngonium podophyllum

Syngonium podophyllum

Syngonium podophyllum or Arrowhead Vine is a nice looking house plant that will grow quite fast.

Related to Philodendron, it is as easy to care for.

The basic form has plain green leaves but there are many cultivars with variegated leaves.

You should be careful around children and pests as it is mildly to severely toxic when ingested. All parts of the plant are toxic.

The plant is invasive in subtropical regions where it escapes cultivation.

Description:

Syngonium podophyllum is a climbing, epiphytic vine. The stems contain a milky sap, which is toxic.

Young leaves are arrow shaped and about 15 cm long, mature leaves are deeply lobed, 5-11 leaflets, up to 35 cm long.

The flowers are typical for the Araceae family: tiny, green or white flowers growing on a spadix which is surrounded by a greenish-white spathe. Though it will rarely flower in cultivation indoors.

The fruit is a small red berry.

Nomenclature:

Common names:

Arrowhead philodendron, arrowhead plant, arrowhead vine, goosefoot, Nephthytis

Synonyms:

Arum auritum, Pothos auritus, Syngonium affine, Syngonium amazonicum, Syngonium decipiens, Syngonium gracile, Syngonium podophyllum var. multisectum, Syngonium poeppigii, Syngonium riedelianum, Syngonium ruizii, Syngonium ternatum, Syngonium vellozianum, Syngonium vellozianum var. decipiens, Syngonium vellozianum var. latilobum, Syngonium vellozianum var. poeppigii, Syngonium vellozianum var. riedelianum, Syngonium willdenowii, Syngonium xanthophilum, Xanthosoma gracile

Etymology:

Syngonium: from the Greek syn (together) and gone (womb, ovary)
Podophyllum: from the Greek pous, podo (foot) and phyllon (leaf)

Origin:

Central America

Habitat:

Rainforest



Hardiness:

USDA zone 8-11

Syngonium podophyllum inflorescence

Syngonium podophyllum inflorescence

Care:

Substrate:

Commercial potting soil

Light:

Light, no direct sunlight, tolerates partial shade

Water:

Keep evenly moist. Water when the soil feels slightly dry, about once a week.

Fertilizer:

During growing season, every 2 weeks with universal liquid fertilizer. In the winter, once a month.

Temperature:

Room temperature, 15-25 °C

Pruning:

As the lower part of the stems tend to loose their leaves, they can be quite unsightly. Pruning may be done early summer, the plant may be cut back almost entirely in order to keep a short, bushy plant.

Repotting:

Repot in spring, about every two years. They don’t need big pots.

Propagation:

By cuttings, after pruning new growth shoots. Make sure you there is a node as this is where roots will form. Rooting can be done in water or straight in potting soil, at room temperature.

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