Aglaonema

Aglaonema

Aglaonema is a genus of plants that make excellent houseplants for beginners and are suitable for a shady spot.

The genus includes about fifty species and belongs to the family Araceae, having that family’s flowering spadix surrounded by a spathe but it is rather insignificant.

It is its generally variegated foliage which makes the plant attractive.

Description:

These are evergreen perennials with stems erect or prostrate, growing erect or creeping. Stems that grow on the ground will root at the nodes. With age, the plant will develop a small trunk.

They usually have a crown of large leaves, often variegated with silver, white, yellow or pale green.

The flowers grow on a spadix with female flowers at the base and male flowers above. The stamens of the male flowers gave its name to the plant.

The fruit is a fleshy berry that turns red when ripe and contains one large seed.

Nomenclature:

Common name:

Chinese evergreen

Synonym:

Aglaeonema

Etymology:

Aglaonema: from the Greek aglaós (bright, beautiful, splendid) and nema (thread)

Origin:

East Asia

Habitat:

Rainforest



Hardiness:

USDA zone 10-11

Aglaonema

Aglaonema

Care:

Substrate:

Commercial potting soil

Light:

Partial shade, shade. Too much light decreases the variegation.

Water:

Keep soil moist without standing water

Fertilizer:

Universal liquid fertilizer, once a month during growth period, nothing in winter

Temperature:

18-30 °C, below 18 °C growth stops

Repotting:

Growth is slow, repot every 2 years in spring

Propagation:

By division when repotting

Image sources

  • Aglaonema: Own work
  • Aglaonema: Own work

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