Passiflora edulis fo. edulis flower

Passiflora edulis fo. edulis flower

Passiflora edulis forma edulis or Purple Granadilla is a vigorous vine with beautiful flowers.

This is the species most often found in commerce in Europe: dark purple fruit, sometimes wrinkled and spherical with a diameter of approximately 5 cm.

You can easily collect the seeds of apurchased fruit. There are a hundred seeds in each fruit to experiment with and they germinate fairly quickly and easily.

It is not hardy and must be treated as an orangery plant: grown in pot and wintered indoors, protected from frost.

Description:

Passiflora edulis f. edulis is a vine with stems that can measure over 8 m long. The stems are green, round and smooth. They cling with tendrils.

The leaves have serrated edges and are dark green, lobed (often not lobed in young plants), brilliant and 5-25 cm wide. The petiole measures 3-4 cm long.

Flower stalks are 2-6 cm long. Flowers are 5-8 cm in diameter. The sepals are white, oblong, up to 3 cm long and 1 cm wide. The petals are white, oblong, up to 3 cm long and 0.8 cm wide. The crown consists of four or five rows of filaments, pink purple in the bottom half, white and tortuous in the upper half. Fo. edulis is self-pollinating, unlike Passiflora edulis fo. flavicarpa.

Fruit varies in color, shape and size depending on the cultivar. It is spherical, 4-5 cm in diameter, with a thick, tough dark purple skin. The many seeds measure 3-4 mm and are black. The fruits have a cool but tangy aroma.

Usage:

The fruits are used in drinks, sweets, sorbets and desserts.

Nomenclature:

Common names:

Granadilla, Maracuja, Passion flower, Passion fruit, Purple Granadilla

Synonyms:

Passiflora diaden, Passiflora edulis var. pomifera, Passiflora edulis var. rubricaulis, Passiflora gratissima, Passiflora iodocarpa, Passiflora middletoniana, Passiflora minima, Passiflora pallidiflora, Passiflora picroderma, Passiflora pomifera, Passiflora rigidula, Passiflora rubricaulis, Passiflora vernicosa

Etymology:

Passiflora: from the Latin passio (Passion, suffering) and flos (flower)
Edulis: from the Latin edulis (edible)

Origin:

South America, southern Brazil to northern Argentina

Habitat:

Tropical and subtropical forest, moist but well drained



Hardiness:

USDA zone 9-11, -2 °C

Passion fruit

Passion fruit

Care:

Soil:

Accommodates a wide variety of soils

Water:

Keep always moist, even wet. It resists short periods of drought by dropping its leaves.

Exposure:

Prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade

Fertilizer:

2-3 times a year

Pot:

Use a relatively small pot: a large pot promotes growth at the expense of flowering. In a small pot, the plant feels threatened and will be pushed to bloom.

Wintering:

Wintering frost free, at least 13 °C. Can be brought outdoors above 15 °C.

Propagation:

Seed, cuttings

Sowing instructions:

  • remove the seeds from the fruit
  • remove vesicles by rubbing the seeds in a sieve or between two sheets of kitchen roll
  • fresh seeds may be sown immediately in a pot with soil, purchased seed should be soaked in water for 1-2 days at 20-25 ° C
  • moisten the soil
  • place the pot in a plastic bag or propagator
  • temperature: 20-25 ° C
  • germination time: 2-3 weeks to months
  • seeds lose their viability after about 1 year

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