Ornithidium coccineum

Source: Own work

Ornithidium coccineum

Ornithidium coccineum is a fairly easy orchid that blooms abundantly with little red flowers.

It belongs to the family of Orchidaceae, sub-family Epidendroideae, tribe Cymbidieae, sub-tribe Maxillariinae, genus Ornithidium.

Description:

Ornithidium coccineum is an orchid of average size, usually epiphytic and sometimes terrestrial.

It forms a rhizome with small, ovoid pseudobulbs each carrying 1 leaf.

The leaves are 30 cm or longer, bright green, sword-shaped, grooved, with swollen base.

From the leaf axils appear clusters of flower stalks of 6.5 cm, each bearing 1 small red flower of about 1 cm, usually scarlet, sometimes orange.

The flowers never open fully so that they resemble small tulips. Flowering takes place in autumn and winter.

Nomenclature:

Synonyms:

Camaridium coccineum, Cymbidium coccineum, Epidendrum coccineum, Maxillaria coccinea, Ornithidium acaule

Etymology:

Ornithidium: from the Greek órnis (bird) and -idiom (diminutive suffix)
Coccineum: from the Latin coccineus (scarlet)

Origin:

Caribbean, Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil

Habitat:

Primary forest at altitudes of 500-1,000 m

Care:

Temperature:

Day temperature: 20-30 °C
Night temperature: 13-16 °C

Light:

Light, no direct sunlight

Water:

Keep the substrate moist all year

Hygrometry:

40-70 %

Substrate:

Mounted on cork or bark or in hanging basket filled with coconut fiber or coarse bark with sphagnum

Feed:

Specialized orchid fertilizer, twice a month

Repotting:

Only when the roots have grown too big

Propagation:

By division in the spring, when repotting.

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