Phyllostachys nigra or Black Bamboo is a striking bamboo with shiny black culms with contrasting bright green foliage.
It is a poll-forming bamboo but moderately rampant, a root barrier is advised.
The black color appears only in the second year. The outer culms of a group are darker and sunlight promotes the black color.
Phyllostachys nigra is a bamboo of 4-8 m high with stalks up to 5 cm in diameter.
The internodes are first green and then turn a shiny black, with contrasting silver-colored, hairy nodules. The culm sheats are reddish brown, sometimes tinted green.
Leaves appear per 2-3 per terminal branch. The leaf is 7-10 cm long and 1.2 cm wide.
The inflorescence is a short spike of 3.5-5 cm long with hermaphrodite flowers.
It blooms only every 40-100 years at the same time everywhere in the world after which the plant dies.
Arundinaria stolonifera, Bambos kurotake, Bambusa boryana, Bambusa dichotoma, Bambusa nigra, Bambusa puberula, Phyllostachys boryana, Phyllostachys filifera, Phyllostachys fulva, Phyllostachys henonis, Phyllostachys nana, Phyllostachys nigra fo. boryana, Phyllostachys nigra var. henonis, Phyllostachys puberula, Phyllostachys puberula var. boryana, Phyllostachys puberula var. nigra
Phyllostachys: from the Ancient Greek phúllon (leaf) and stákhus (ear of grain)
Nigra: from the Latin niger (shiny black)
Open forests on slopes and in valleys, 1,100-1,200 m altitude
USDA zone 7-10
All types of soil
Sun, partial shade
Keep the soil moist
Abundant fertilizing during growing period, with organic matter or fertilizer
Seed, division in spring, basal cuttings in spring
- surface sow in a moist sowing substrate
- 20 °C
- keep moist
- germination time: 2-4 weeks