Paphiopedilum philippinense

Paphiopedilum philippinense
Kew Gardens

Paphiopedilum philippinense is a quite variable orchid from the Philippines.

It was discovered by J. G. Veitch in 1856, growing on the roots of Vanda batemanii.

This orchid requires high humidity and is best grown in a warm greenhouse.

It belongs to the family Orchidaceae, sub-family Cypripedioideae, genus Paphiopedilum.

Description:

Paphiopedilum philippinense is a litophytic, sometimes epiphytic orchid.

The leaves are green, alternating, oblong, 20-50 cm long and 2-5 cm wide. There are up to 9 leaves per shoot.

The flowers are terminal on a peduncle on shoots of 2-3 years old. The peduncle is 35-60 cm long and purple. It wears 4-6 flowers with heart-shaped sepals, 5 cm long, white with brownish purple longitudinal stripes. The petals are spirally twisted, brownish, up to 18 cm long and 0.6 cm wide. The labellum is bag-like, light yellow with green stripes, up to 4 cm in length.

Flowering occurs in late spring to summer.

Nomenclature:

Common name:

Philippine Paphiopedilum

Synonyms:

Cypripedium philippinense, Cordula philippinensis, Cypripedium laevigatum, Selenipedium laevigatum, Cypripedium cannartianum, Paphiopedilum laevigatum, Paphiopedilum philippinense f. album, Paphiopedilum philippinense f. alboflavum, Paphiopedilum roebelenii f. alboflavum, Paphiopedilum philippinense var. compactum

Etymology:

Paphiopedilum: from the Greek paphia (attribute of Aphrodite) and pédilon (sandal)
Philippinense: Latinization (from the Philippines)

Origin:

Philippines to Borneo

Habitat:

Calcareous rocks, sometimes on trees, along the coasts and up to about 500 m



Care:

Substrate:

Mixture of fine bark, perlite and ground limestone

Light:

Diffused light

Temperature:

15-28 °C

Water:

Keep the substrate moist, avoid stagnant water

Hygrometry:

60-80 %

Feed:

4 x diluted orchid fertilizer when watering during the growing season but always skip a watering in winter.

Repotting:

Every 3-4 years to disturb the roots as little as possible

Propagation:

By division of shoots while retaining 3-4 shoots per torn part, after flowering.

Make sure you minimize damaging the roots.

Image sources

  • Paphiopedilum philippinense: Own work

Buy on eBay.com:


Buy on eBay.co.uk: