Anthurium crystallinum

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Anthurium crystallinum
Kew Gardens

Anthurium crystallinum is a plant with gorgeous white veined leaves.

It can be grown as a houseplant or warm greenhouse.

It can be grown in the garden only in the tropics.

Description:

Anthurium crystallinum is an evergreen herbaceous plant that is mostly terrestrial and sometimes epiphytic. It is 60 cm high.

The roots are short and thick.

The trunk is up to 25 cm long, 2-2.5 cm in diameter, green, with short internodes.

The leaves are spreading, with terete petiole, sometimes red-violet tinged at the base, narrow ovoid to ovate, acuminate at the top, deeply lobed at the base, 25-39 cm long and 15-22 cm wide. The upper side is matte, velvety, the bottom side is matte, densely covered with reddish-brown specks. The midrib and major veins are very light in color.

The inflorescence is upright and spreading, on a stem of 24-28 cm long, 4-5 mm in diameter, terete, sometimes with a reddish-violet hue. The spathe is leathery, green, sometimes tinged with red-violet, oblong-lanceolate, 7 to 9.3 cm long and 1.5-2.1 cm wide. The spadix is green and turns yellow, 9-12 cm long, 5-6.5 mm in diameter. Flowers are square to sub-4-lobed, 2.5-3.5 mm long and wide.

The infrutescence is a spadix up to 12 cm long, 12 mm in diameter. Berries are narrow ovoid, white tinged with violet-purple, 1 cm in length and 3-4 mm in diameter. The mescocarp is juicy, clear with whitish raphide cells.

Nomenclature:

Common names:

Anthurium

Synonyms:

Anthurium crystallinum f. peltifolium, Anthurium killipianum

Etymology:

Anthurium: from the Greek anthos (flower) and oura (tail)
Crystallinum: from the Latin crystallinus (crystalline)

Origin:

Panama to Colombia

Habitat:

At the margin of rainforests

Hardiness:

USDA zone 10-11

Care:

Substrate:

A mix of sphagnum, peat and perlite

Light:

Light but no direct sunlight

Water:

In summer, keep the soil moist at all times. In winter it may dry out slightly between waterings. The plant likes a high aerial humidity which can be obtained either by vaporizing or placing it on a water tray.

Fertilizer:

Universal liquid fertilizer, every 2 weeks during growing period, nothing during winter

Temperature:

18-21 °C

Repotting:

In the spring: every 2-3 years for mature plants, each year for young plants. The pot may be quite small, 15 cm in diameter will be enough, even for a mature plant.

Propagation:

By division when repotting in the spring or seed.

Sowing instructions:

  • sowing the seeds immediately after harvest
  • remove the pulp from the seeds, e.g. by soaking them a few days in water
  • plant seeds on the surface of a moist sowing substrate such as peat moss or vermiculite in a closed jar and close it to prevent evaporation
  • room temperature
  • germination time: a few days to 1 week
  • repot when the sprouts are big enough to handle

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