Philodendron bipinnatifidum

Source: Amada44

Philodendron bipinnatifidum

Philodendron bipinnatifidum or Selloum is a striking philodendron with lovely leaves. The name philodendron comes from the Greek “phileo” which means to love and “dendron” which means tree.

This species is often described as a non-climber which is not accurate: it does form a stem which falls over when the plant becomes too heavy but whenever it finds a tree, it will climb gladly and to considerable heights. When the tree falls over, the plant falls with him and grows in the created clearing.

In temperate zones it will usually be grown as a plant on itself with a trunk and not as a climber.

It’s usually considered as an indoor plant but it’s more resistant than we think: it can resist slight frost for short periods down to -5 °C.

The leaves are very big and deeply cut on very long stems, which gives the plant a very exotic look. It will need a big enough space as it can become quite ample.

Common names:

Cut-Leaf Philodendron
Fiddle-Leaf Philodendron
Panda Plant
Philodendron
Self-Header
Selloum
Selloum Philodendron
Split Leaf Philodendron
Tree Philodendron
Twicecut Philodendron

Etymology:

Philodendron: derived from the Greek word philos (loving or fond) and dendron (tree).
Bipinnatifidum: derived form Latin bi- (twice), pinnatus (feathered, winged) and fidus (to split).

Synonyms:

Arum pinnatifidum
Philodendron pygmaeum
Philodendron selloum
Sphincterostigma bipinnatifidum

Philodendron bipinnatifidum inflorescence

Source: Tekwani

Philodendron bipinnatifidum inflorescence

Origin:

Rain forests of America, mainly Brazil

Hardiness:

Zone 9, -5 °C

Soil:

Rich, well drained

Height:

1,20 – 2 m

Exposure:

Sun, light, semi-shade

Propagation:

Sowing

Philodendron bipinnatifidum trunk

Sowing instructions:

  • sow in light soil
  • at a depth of about 2 mm or at the surface and press gently down
  • humidify
  • keep at 25-30 °C
  • germination: 30 to 120 days, germination may be very erratic
  • repot the seedlings have 2 or 3 leaves

Care:

  • frequent watering, not very drought resistant
  • regular fertilising during growing season
  • should flower from the second year but will flower rarely in temperate climates or indoors

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