Passiflora Cincinnati or Crato Passion fruit grows as a shrub.
Its purple flowers are very striking, scented and 7-9 cm in diameter.
This Passiflora blooms profusely but only in tropical and subtropical areas, elsewhere only in a greenhouse.
Passiflora cincinnata is a vine with bare or barely hairy stalk; nearly round to triangular stem.
The leaves are deeply 5-lobed and sometimes 3-lobed, 4-11 cm long and 5-12 cm wide. The petiole is 2-8.5 cm long, solitary. The bracts are ovate, 2-4 cm long and 1.5-2.5 cm wide, entire, glandular at the base, free.
The flowers are blue-violet to purplish violet, 7-9 (12) cm in diameter. The sepals are violet inside, green outside, oblong, 3-5 cm long and 1-2 cm wide, slightly keeled outside, keel ends in short awns. The petals are violet, lanceolate, 2.5-3.5 cm long and 0.8-1.3 cm wide. The corona is composed of multiple series of filaments, the basal part deep purple, purple-striped violet and whitish blue in the middle, at the top violet, wavy in the upper half, the outer series is 2-4 cm long, the inner series 0.1-0.2 cm long. The ovary is spherical and glabrous.
The fruit is ovoid, 5-6 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, green with white speckles. The seeds are ovoid, 0.5-0.6 cm long and 0.4 cm wide, winged.
Fruit edible raw and in juices
Crato Passion fruit, Crato Passion vine, Curly fringed Passion flower, Maracuja
Passiflora cincinnata var. imbricata, Passiflora cincinnata var. minor, Passiflora corumbaensis, Passiflora perlobata
Passiflora: from the Latin passio (Passion) and flos (flower)
Cincinnata: from the Latin cincinnātus (with curly hair)
Brazil (city of Crato, hence the name), Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay and Venezuela
Forests and scrubby areas
USDA zone 10-11, 12 °C
Abundant watering in summer
Weekly in summer, monthly in winter
- use preferably fresh seeds
- scarify the seeds with sandpaper or sand
- soak the seeds in water at room temperature for 24h
- plant in sowing substrate at 1 cm depth
- 21 °C
- keep the substrate moist
- germination time: 2-4 weeks