Passiflora laurifolia or water lemon is a Passiflora with gorgeous, perfumed flowers.
This Passion flower is hard to grow outside the tropics and sub-tropics: it must be grown in a heated conservatory and in a soil bed because it will not bloom in a pot. It also suffers from lack of light in winter.
Blooms appears only on large plants with long stems.
It is grown in the tropics for its edible fruit.
Passiflora laurifolia is a climber with a terete stem, bare except for the ovary and bracts.
The leaves have a petiole of 0.5-1.5 cm long, with 2 glands. They are unlobed, ovate-oblong, 6-12 cm long and 3.5-8 cm wide, thick-coriaceous, entire.
The flowers are pendulous, fragrant, purple, violet and white and have a diameter of 5-7 cm. The peduncle is 2-3 cm long. Bracts are ovate-oblong, 2.5-4 cm long and 2-2.5 cm wide. Sepals are white with purple spots, oblong, 1.8-2.4 cm long and 0.8-0.9 cm wide. The corona consists of 6 series of filaments, purple and white striped in lower 1/3, violet and white striped at the top, the outer series is 2 cm long, the 2nd series 3-4 cm long, the inner series 0.1 cm long. The ovary is ovoid and tomentose.
The fruit is ovoid, 5-8 cm tall and 4-5 cm wide, lemon yellow to light orange, edible.
The seeds are obcordate, 0.5-0.7 cm long and 0.3-0.5 cm wide, finely reticulate.
- Edible fruit
Jamaican honeysuckle, golden bellapple, pomme liane, orange lilikoi, water lemon, yellow granadilla
Granadilla laurifolia, Passiflora acuminata, Passiflora laurifolia var. tinifolia, Passiflora oblongifolia, Passiflora tinifolia
Passiflora: from the Latin passio (Passion) and flos (flower)
Laurifolia: from the Latin laurus (laurel, bay) and folium (leaf)
Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Guyanas to the Caribbean
Tropical rainforests and forest borders, climbing on trees and shrubs
USDA zone 10-11
Fertile and well drained
Keep the substrate moist
Fertilize every 1-2 weeks during the growing season, monthly during winter
Seed, cuttings, layering
- soak 24 hours in tepid water
- sow in a moist sowing substrate
- 20-25 °C
- germination: a few weeks to a few months
- cuttings of young shoots or mature wood, taken at the nodes
- plant in moist substrate or sand
- rooting takes up to 3 months