Passiflora laurifolia

Passiflora laurifolia or water lemon is a Passiflora with gorgeous, perfumed flowers.

This Passion flower is hard to grow outside the tropics and sub-tropics: it must be grown in a heated conservatory and in a soil bed because it will not bloom in a pot. It also suffers from lack of light in winter.

Blooms appears only on large plants with long stems.

It is grown in the tropics for its edible fruit.

Description:

Passiflora laurifolia is a climber with a terete stem, bare except for the ovary and bracts.

The leaves have a petiole of 0.5-1.5 cm long, with 2 glands. They are unlobed, ovate-oblong, 6-12 cm long and 3.5-8 cm wide, thick-coriaceous, entire.

The flowers are pendulous, fragrant, purple, violet and white and have a diameter of 5-7 cm. The peduncle is 2-3 cm long. Bracts are ovate-oblong, 2.5-4 cm long and 2-2.5 cm wide. Sepals are white with purple spots, oblong, 1.8-2.4 cm long and 0.8-0.9 cm wide. The corona consists of 6 series of filaments, purple and white striped in lower 1/3, violet and white striped at the top, the outer series is 2 cm long, the 2nd series 3-4 cm long, the inner series 0.1 cm long. The ovary is ovoid and tomentose.

The fruit is ovoid, 5-8 cm tall and 4-5 cm wide, lemon yellow to light orange, edible.

The seeds are obcordate, 0.5-0.7 cm long and 0.3-0.5 cm wide, finely reticulate.

Usage:

  • Ornamental
  • Edible fruit
  • Medicinal.

Passiflora laurifolia fruit

Nomenclature:

Common names:

Jamaican honeysuckle, golden bellapple, pomme liane, orange lilikoi, water lemon, yellow granadilla

Synonyms:

Granadilla laurifolia, Passiflora acuminata, Passiflora laurifolia var. tinifolia, Passiflora oblongifolia, Passiflora tinifolia

Etymology:

Passiflora: from the Latin passio (Passion) and flos (flower)
Laurifolia: from the Latin laurus (laurel, bay) and folium (leaf)

Origin:

Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Guyanas to the Caribbean

Habitat:

Tropical rainforests and forest borders, climbing on trees and shrubs

Hardiness:

USDA zone 10-11

Passiflora laurifolia foliage

Care:

Soil:

Fertile and well drained

Light:

Sun, light

Water:

Keep the substrate moist

Feed:

Fertilize every 1-2 weeks during the growing season, monthly during winter

Propagation:

Seed, cuttings, layering

Sowing instructions:

  • soak 24 hours in tepid water
  • sow in a moist sowing substrate
  • 20-25 °C
  • germination: a few weeks to a few months

Cuttings:

  • cuttings of young shoots or mature wood, taken at the nodes
  • plant in moist substrate or sand
  • rooting takes up to 3 months

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