Paphiopedilum insigne

Paphiopedilum insigne

Paphiopedilum insigne is an easy, fast growing orchid.

Care is similar to Cymbidium. Can be grown as a house plant.

It is widely used for hybridization.

It belongs to the family Orchidaceae, sub-family Cypripedioideae, genus Paphiopedilum.

Description:

Paphiopedilum insignia is a terrestrial orchid.

There are 5-6 alternate leaves, light green underneath with purple spots towards the base, upside deep green, narrow elliptical or linear-elongated, 18-30 cm long and 2.5-3.5 cm wide, coriaceous, leathery, obtuse or tridenticulate at the top.

The scape is upright, with a solitary flower at the top. The peduncle is green-purple, 19-25 cm, densely purple pubescent. The sepal is purple spotted, oval-elliptic, 4-5.5 cm long and 2-3 cm wide, glabrous. The pedicel and ovary 5-6 cm long, closely purple pubescent. The flower is 7-10 cm in diameter. The dorsal sepal is greenish yellow in the middle, with a wide white margin and brown spots. The synsepal is light green-yellow, with purple or purple brown spots and white margin. The petals are yellowish brown with dark veins. The lip is yellowish brown or yellow-green, brown striped, with a narrow greenish margin. The petals are spatular or oblong, 4.9-5.5 cm long and 1.2-2.2 cm wide, purple at the base, pubescent near the base, with undulated margin, top round or tridenticulate. The lip is helmet-shaped, 3.5-5 cm long, 2.5-3 cm long and 1.5-2 cm wide. The pouch is yellowish, oboval, 9-10 cm long × 8-9 mm wide, purple puberulent on both surfaces, with a central ulbo.

Bloom occurs in winter.

Nomenclature:

Common name:

Splendid Paphiopedilum

Synonyms:

Cordula insignis, Cypripedium chantinii, Cypripedium insigne, Cypripedium insigne var. albomarginatum, Cypripedium insigne var. amesianum, Cypripedium insigne var. amoenum, Cypripedium insigne var. aureoalbum, Cypripedium insigne var. biflorum, Cypripedium insigne var. chantinii, Cypripedium insigne var. cypheri, Cypripedium insigne var. duvalii, Cypripedium insigne var. elegantissimum, Cypripedium insigne var. forstermanii, Cypripedium insigne var. giganteum, Cypripedium insigne var. gracile, Cypripedium insigne var. holzhausenianum, Cypripedium insigne var. kimballianum, Cypripedium insigne var. madouxianum, Cypripedium insigne var. maulei, Cypripedium insigne var. maulei-superbum, Cypripedium insigne var. maximum, Cypripedium insigne var. moensii, Cypripedium insigne var. mooreanum, Cypripedium insigne var. nilsonii, Cypripedium insigne var. pynaertii Desbois, Cypripedium insigne var. rubrum-maculatum, Cypripedium insigne var. rubrum-marginatum, Cypripedium insigne var. sanderae, Cypripedium insigne var. sanderianum, Cypripedium insigne var. speciosum, Cypripedium insigne var. sylhetense, Cypripedium insigne var. tresederi, Cypripedium insigne var. wallacei, Cypripedium maulei, Paphiopedilum insigne var. albomarginatum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. amesianum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. amoenum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. aureoalbum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. biflorum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. chantinii, Paphiopedilum insigne var. cypheri, Paphiopedilum insigne var. duvalii, Paphiopedilum insigne var. elegantissimum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. forstermanii, Paphiopedilum insigne var. giganteum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. gracile, Paphiopedilum insigne var. holzhausenianum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. kimballianum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. madouxianum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. maulei, Paphiopedilum insigne var. maximum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. moensii, Paphiopedilum insigne var. mooreanum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. nilsonii, Paphiopedilum insigne var. pynaertii, Paphiopedilum insigne var. rubrum-maculatum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. rubrum-marginatum, Paphiopedilum insigne f. sanderae, Paphiopedilum insigne var. sanderae, Paphiopedilum insigne f. sanderianum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. sanderianum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. speciosum, Paphiopedilum insigne var. sylhetense, Paphiopedilum insigne var. tresederi, Paphiopedilum insigne var. wallacei, Paphiopedilum macfarlanei

Etymology:

Paphiopedilum: from the Greek paphia (attribute of Aphrodite) and pédilon (sandal)
Insigne: from the Latin īnsignis (marked, distinguished)

Origin:

Nepal and northeast India

Habitat:

On dolomite limestone outcrops near waterfalls and in light shade in India. In China it grows in litter rich places on grassy and rocky slopes or in evergreen broad-leaved forests.



Care:

Substrate:

Fine bark, clay pellets, sphagnum

Light:

Diffused light

Temperature:

11-22 °C

Water:

Keep the substrate moist, avoid stagnant water

Hygrometry:

60-80 %

Feed:

4 x diluted orchid fertilizer when watering during the growing season but always skip a watering in winter.

Propagation:

By division.

Image sources

  • Paphiopedilum insigne: Orchi

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