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How to Grow Peas in Your Home Garden

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how to grow peas

Peas can be grown in your garden. Peas require little space and can be used to add nitrogen to the soil. They self-pollinate so you don’t have to worry about spacing them too far apart. Depending on the variety you choose, you can plant them between three to four inches apart and around 10 feet apart. You can also use support poles or a trellis to help them grow.

Inoculant

Peas are one the first crops to grow in spring gardens. They are hardy and can tolerate cold soil, but they need to produce their pods before the summer heat takes hold. Luckily, there is a simple way to get a successful crop in a matter of weeks: by using an inoculant for growing peas.

Inoculants for growing peas will encourage nodules to form on your plants. These nodules will be pink or red on the inside. If they are not present, then the rhizobia did not infect the pulse plant. The amount of nitrogen fixation decreases when the plant produces seeds and pods. However, inoculation alone will not help your plants. It is possible that the soil already contains rhizobia, in which case the inoculant will not have any effect.

Sowing time

Peas need constant moisture to grow and thrive. If you grow them in a dry area, it may be necessary for them to be watered after they sprout. Place them in a compost-filled pot or in a gutter. Cover them with a net to prevent birds from grabbing them.

Peas should only be planted in the first part of spring to ensure maximum growth and harvest. Peas can also be planted in the middle of winter in cooler climates. In mild climates, peas can be planted later in the spring, but not too late. Peas need about 60 days to mature.

Harvesting time

When the pods are brown and rounded, they are ready to harvest their seeds. Usually, they’re ready for picking about a month after they start to appear. To harvest them, bring the pea plants indoors and hang them upside down in a cool, dry spot. Once the pods have been harvested, take them out of the plant and shell them manually. If you’re harvesting a larger crop, you can use a burlap sack to thresh the pea pods.

Pea varieties vary in the time it takes to harvest, but most varieties mature within 60 to 70 days. It’s important to harvest peas at the right time to enjoy the flavor. Peas lose their flavor once they reach full maturity. They will become dry and starchy, and their skins will become tough.

Diseases

A variety of diseases can damage peas. The most severe is bacterial disease. It is a bacterial fungal disease that affects the pods and leaves of field peas. It can be controlled by using disease free seed and proper crop rotation. The disease can remain in the soil for many years. Control methods include seed treatment, crop rotation, and using good quality seed.

The symptoms of pea root rot are characterized by small black dots and dark circular pits. The disease is most prevalent in cool, moist soils. Young plants are often killed by this fungus. The best way to prevent pea root rot is to avoid planting peas in the same spot every year. Avoid planting peas in soil that is too wet.

Pests

Peas are generally pest-free but they can be affected by some common insects. These include leafhoppers, cutworms, and armyworms, which can cause havoc in your garden. Fortunately, some pesticides are labeled for peas and will help control these pests. You can also use cayenne pepper and garlic to deter pests.

Peas love moist, loamy soil with good drainage. Peas are not suited for soil that is too acidic. They are also more susceptible to weeds because of their shallow roots. It is therefore necessary to weed in between rows to prevent weeds from growing. In addition, cutworms and aphids are common pests that damage plant stems and roots near the soil. These insects rarely cause damage to pods.

Container growing

When growing peas in containers, it is important to plant them in shallow soil with sufficient space between them. Plastic containers are a bad idea as they can hold heat and moisture, which can reduce pea plant yields. Peas thrive in well-draining, loamy potting soil. You can either buy a pea potting mixture or make your own. It is important to avoid using backyard soil, which introduces bacterial infections into the plants.

Peas don’t require as much fertilizer as other vegetables, but it is important to give them a little bit. Use a fertilizer that contains 5-5-5 NPK, which is a good all-round fertilizer for peas. Pea plants need to be hydrated when they flower or pod.

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